Types of Embroidery Fabrics

Choosing the perfect fabric for your embroidery project can be overwhelming at times, you need to know the types of fabric you are going to make use of before embarking on the project. Fabrics are the foundation of embroidery and are available in different threads counts, compositions, textures and weights. Deciding on what fabrics to use for embroidery is a personal choice, but most stitchers tend to choose a fabric that is easier to work with.

Here are our thoughts on the different types of embroidery fabrics. Hope you will enjoy it.

Aida Fabric (Java Canvas)

aida fabric

Aida Fabric is an even weave fabric that is traditionally used by most embroiderer. This types of fabric are square-patterned and are available in a different shade of colours and counts. Aida colours are traditionally white, beige, grey, shades of tan brown and other brighter colours are also available.

The count indicates the number of squares per inch of fabric. Each of the squares represents a cross stitch and corresponds to one square on a design chart grid.  A 12-count Aida fabric would have 12 squares per inch.

The count comes in different sizes ranging from 7-count through 28-count, ranked from the coarsest to the finest count. The most popular fabric used for hand embroidery is the 14-count Aida cloth. Before you start using Aida cloth you need to hem the edges as it has the tendency to fray.

Evenweave Fabric

The evenweave fabric is a woven textile with the same number of weft and warp threads per inch. The fibre content for evenweave fabric can be cotton, linen and polyester. Most evenweave fabrics are soft in nature and are available in a variety of colours and counts. The evenweave thread counts range from 18 to 32 counts.

Hardanger Fabric

hardanger fabric

Hardanger fabric is a 100% cotton with 22-count of threads per inch running in both vertical and horizontal directions. The Hardanger fabric is used traditionally for openwork, Hardanger-style, blackwork and cutwork embroidery. This types of fabric are originated in Norway and are woven with a double thread.

Jobelan Fabric

jobelan fabric

Jobelan evenweave fabric is a blend of different fibres created for the cross stitch and embroidery market by Wichelt. This evenweave fibre contains 51% Cotton and 49% Rayon(Modal). The addition of Rayon gives the Jobelan a smooth sheen look and also makes it very soft.

Jobelan fabric is created with a uniform single thread and is mostly stitched using two strands of floss. This types of fabric are wrinkle resistant with fabric range of 25-count, 28-count and 32-count. The Jobelan fabric is equivalent to 14-count Aida fabric when stitched over two threads.

its main disadvantage is that it is not economical especially for smaller dyers.

Klostern Cross Stitch Fabric

klostern fabric

This Beautifully blended fabric consists of 60% Rayon and 40% cotton. The Klostern cross stitch fabric is mainly used for cross stitch embroideries. The distinctive weave of this fabric creates tiny corner holes that make counting simple.

This type of fabrics comes in a 7-count of fabric (7 stitches per inch) and is easy to work with especially for pillows, wall hangings, and other large pieces.

Lugana (Brittney Fabric)

lugana fabric

Lugana fabric is an evenly woven cross stitch fabric that comes in a variety of colours with a blend of Cotton (52%) and Viscose (48%). It comes in different counts of 25, 28, 32 counts.


This elegant fabric is majorly used for samplers, table linens, pillows and other decorative accessories. This versatile evenweave fabric is similar in nature to a Jobelan and it can be heavy or soft. Lugana is easy to count and it is highly recommended for starters.

Fiddler’s Cloth

fiddler's cloth

The Fiddlers cloth is a blend of 50 per cent Cotton, 42 per cent Polyester, and 8 per cent Linen with a clear thread count which makes it easy to stitch on. This evenweave fabric cloth comes in 14, 16 and 18 counts.

Fiddler’s cloth is a lot like Aida fabric. But where Aida’s threads are smooth and evenly spaced, fiddler’s cloth is slightly irregular with a rustic look.

Linen Fabric

linen fabric

Linen is a cellulose fabric made from the fibres of the flax plant and is known to be very strong, absorbent and dries faster than cotton.
It comes in a variety of counts including 18, 22, 26, 28, 30, 32, 35, and 40 counts.  
Linen fabric has been used for table coverings, bed coverings and clothing for centuries. Did you that linen was also used as a form of currency in ancient Egypt?

Linen fabric has a very “crisp” feel.  Linens are a bit more challenging to use then Aida because they require more skill to control the tension of the floss for even stitches.

Waste Canvas

waste canvas

Waste Canvas is used to stitch on evenweave fabrics that are not cross stitch friendly, like tablecloths and napkins. It comes in several different counts ranging from 6.5 to 20 counts.

This fabri is usually marked with a grid in blue that breaks the canvas down into 10 count squares (just like a pattern) that makes it easy to count and to position your design in the centre.

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